Camels are some of the most resilient creatures, as they can withstand the harsh temperatures of the desert, a feat that can’t be claimed by a large number of animals.
One of the most interesting traits possessed by camels is the presence of the humps on the back. While many tend to believe that camels store water in the humps, this isn’t actually the case. Humps are fat deposits that offer the ability to survive for a long while, even if they don’t have access to food.
Humps will form during seasons when the camels have access to reliable sources of food. Camels will consume a substantial amount of food as much as they can, and the fat from the food is stored in the form of humps on their back.
A fully-filled hump can last a camel for up to 5 months, allowing them to survive in the hot wasteland without issues. Once the reserves are consumed, the hump will have the look of a deflated balloon until the camel eats and fills it again.
While the hump is an essential instrument that allows the camel to preserve fat, its body is also optimized to consume as little water as possible and to store it for extended use. A camel can dring up to 30 gallons of water (or 114 liters) in one sitting. Their kidneys filter toxins very well, and they excrete dry feces. An unusual skill is represented by the ability to retain moisture while breathing.
There are two species of camels in the form of Bactrian and Arabian camels. The former is better known for its two humps, while the latter only has a single hump. However, studies have shown that the presence of the additional hump doesn’t bestow Bactrian camels with the ability to survive without food for a longer time.