The HFC-23 is the greenhouse gas that is under the keen eye of the scientists. Between 2015 and 2017, it was expected a drop in the global emissions up to 90%. Unfortunately, the new studies are showing that starting with 2018, and they have increased again.
The scientists from the University of Bristol are revealing a new report that is showing a substantial rise of the HFC-23 at record values. The study is revealing crucial data and concerns for our planet.
HFC-23 is an atmospheric concentration of the hydrofluorocarbon gas, used in the production of chemical and cooling systems. This gas is dangerous for its greenhouse effects, releasing one ton of emissions, which can mean around 12.000 tons of carbon dioxide. The key countries with high emissions of HFC-23 are China and India. The states have conceived a plan to reduce the emissions from the factories until 2017.
However, starting with 2018, everything changed, in bad, unfortunately. The levels of the gas emissions were at high concentration in a time-record. The study led by an international team of researchers has everything published in the Nature Communications Journal.
HFC-23 greenhouse gas emission and global warming
The author of the study, Dr. Matt Rigby, who works as a Reader in Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of Bristol, is saying that he took a closer look at the atmospheric data.
After two years, given the two countries to stop the gas emissions, he found out that the greenhouse gas was increasing in the atmosphere. Moreover, having the global emissions raised is an issue for the Montreal Protocol, representing an International treat. The Montreal Protocol started in 2016 when the Parties sign the Kigali Amendment to reduce the impact of the HFCs.
At the same time, China and India are not bound to the Kigali Amendment, so this could be a problem. It is clear that China is still having issues with reducing the gas emissions, and for India, the scientists don’t know for sure.
To sum up, besides the fact that the HFC-23 emissions need to be reduced, the International groups must find a solution to work with China, India, and other countries that are not reducing this dangerous gas for our planet.