Around 48,00 years ago, people started to hunt in a rainforest located on a South Asian island , according to a new study. Small artifacts with sharpened tips made out of bone represent the earliest known evidence of bow-and-arrow use outside of Africa. This information was given by Michelle Langley, an archeologist that is affiliated with the Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia.
Upon a microscopic analysis, the scientists discovered that 130 of the discovered bone points presented some surface cracks and other types of damage that is caused by high-speed impacts, which seems to indicate that the bone heads were used as arrowheads at some point. The article was posted on June 12 in the academic journal Science Advances. The damage at the bottom of the bone points actually indicate that the bone points were attached to some thin shafts. The finds, which originate from sediment in Fa-Hien Lena cave, date between 34,000 and 48,000 years ago. These are too short and significantly too heavy to have been used as the tips of blowgun darts, according to the team of researchers. Scientists also mentioned that bow-and-arrow hunting in Sri Lanka probably focused on monkeys and a on a number of small animals, such as squirrels. The researchers stand by this claim because they discovered some animal remains in the same sediments.
Evidence about the earliest use of hunting with bows and arrows keeps pointing to Africa, as it is believed that the phenomenon started there over 60,000 years ago. Marlize Lombard, an archaeologist affiliated with the University of Johannesburg, who was not involved in the aforementioned study, declared that he would not be surprised if saw evidence indicating that the Homo sapiens were involved in arrow hunting 65,000 years ago, regardless of the location where the discovery would actually made.