A team of researchers has managed to reach a major milestone by creating a material that is superconductive at room temperature. Scientists have been working on a material like this for more than a century as it could offer many opportunities for improved technologies.
Hydrogen, carbon, and sulfur were used to create a carbonaceous sulfur hydride with the help of a diamond anvil cell. Diamond anvil cells are used to observe what happens when materials are exposed to intense pressure.
Tests have shown that the carbonaceous sulfur hydride featured superconductivity at a temperature of 14.4 degrees Celsius or 58 degrees Fahrenheit, while the pressure reached 39 million PSI. Many superconductive materials have been limited by the need to be kept in an environment with low temperatures, a trait that has limited their usability.
Initial tests show that the new superconductive material could be employed for a large number of applications. For example, they could be used for fast levitating trains, advanced medical imaging and scanning techniques, or power grids that can circulate electricity without losing valuable energy due to resistance.
Dawn of the superconductor society
Modern society is a semi-conductor one, but the society of the future will enjoy impressive advancement that will allow us to remove certain limitations, including the need to use batteries. While the initial results are promising, the team is working on a method which would facilitate the manufacturing of superconducting materials at a lower pressure
Superconductive materials are already used in certain applications, but they tend to work at temperatures that are lower than the ones that can be encountered even in the coldest regions of Earth. This also means that a significant amount of money has to be spent on maintenance costs, and in some cases, the cost is so high that the benefits are diminished considerably.
The study was published in a scientific journal.