A team of researchers has employed a new technique to gather new information about quantum technologies and made an interesting discovery in the form of a promising state of matter that could serve as a base for the development of quantum computers.
The researchers stumbled upon the new discovery while observing electron spin in a compound called ruthenium trichloride, revealing that electron spins are able to interact across the material and decrease the overall level of energy, a phenomenon similar to a quantum spin liquid.
Initial theories related to spin liquids surfaced in 1973 and remained a mystery for a long time. While some materials had the potential to achieve the state of mater, it is quite difficult to reach it. Scientists are interested in them since it is thought that they could be used for the development of smart materials.
Ruthenium trichloride is a spin liquid according to one of the researchers who contributed to the study, and it offers a new perspective for the search of other spin liquids, which could pave the way for more discoveries in the future.
The charge of an electron has been an important topic in the scientific community for years as it contributed to the development of new technologies. However, electrons have an additional property in the form of spin, and scientists believe that this property could be used for further developments.
As electrons spin, they can align in magnetic materials in similar or opposite directions. This behavior and be suppressed or induced by using temperatures or a magnetic field. In the case of suppression, additional states of matter can appear, including quantum spin liquids. Experiments have shown that ruthenium trichloride features the behavior desired by the team.
Additional research will take place with the help of specialized equipment, and the current results have been published in a scientific journal.